One of the main challenges faced by health care professionals is formulating well-designed plans and well thought out to help patients and health care providers. Care planning is an important part of health care, but often misunderstood or is considered a waste of time. Without certain documents that depend on care plans, important problems tend to be ignored. Care planning provides a kind of ‘road map’, to guide everything involved with patient / resident care. The health care plan has long been associated with nursing; However, all health care professionals need to be assisted in the treatment process. In the world today, a very expensive health insurance policy is not feasible for most individuals. Therefore, the government needs to play an important role in ensuring that ‘health care’ is impartial and effectively given to all citizens.
At the beginning of the 20th century, a new concept, the concept of ‘health promotion’ began to form. It is realized that public health has ignored citizens as individuals and that the state has direct responsibility for individual health. As a result, besides. Control activities, one more goal added to health service planning – individual health promotion. It began as personal health services such as maternal and child health services, mental health and rehabilitation services. C.e.winslow, one of the leading figures in the history of public health in 1920, defines public health care planning as: ‘Science and art prevents disease, extending life and promoting health and efficiency through organized community efforts.’
The first step in the health service planning program is an accurate and comprehensive assessment. After the initial assessment is complete, the list of problems must be generated. This may be as simple as a medical diagnosis list. List of problems can include family / relationship problems, which affect the welfare of parents as a whole.
Following a list of problems, health care professionals must ask, ‘Can I solve this problem? If yes, the purpose of health care professionals must resolve certain problems. In addition, this goal must be specific, measurable, and can be achieved. Approach to achieving that goal must also be measured and realistic. Examples of problems that can improve, will be a health deficit related to hip fractures. With rehabilitation, this problem tends to be resolved.
In the event that medical problems cannot be restored – such as diabetes – the next step is to eliminate further complications or the possibility of health setbacks. In terms of such a health problem, the aim must be to maintain the level of health at an optimal level.
In terms of illness, where further health complications cannot be avoided, the aim is to improve the quality of life. It is noteworthy that for all medical problems, the approach must be ordered by a doctor. The health care planning process has never been completed until the patient runs out of current care settings. Periodic schedule of re-evaluation is also needed after the patient runs out.