Special education can be defined as specially configured instructions and other educational services to meet the educational, social, emotional and professional needs of students with disabilities. Special teaching teachers educate students who have various types of disabilities, including the deficiencies of speech or language, mental retardation, emotional distress, hearing impairments, orthopedic disabilities, multiple handicaps, Specific learning disabilities, visual disabilities, autism, combined blindness and deafness, traumatic brain injuries and other health deficiencies. A special educator must work with students of all ages of infants and toddlers, students from elementary schools, middle and high schools, as well as young people. The work of the Special Educator also involves working with a team of professionals, that is to say doctors, pathologists, social workers, orthopedists, psychiatrists, counselors, etc. The teaching methods and techniques of special education would vary on the basis of disability and it would also vary from the individual to the individual.
Teaching methods include individual instructions, problem-solving techniques, group work and special assignments based on the needs of the individual. They can also develop individual educational programs for each student to contribute to the activities of the child’s daily life. As technology plays an important role in special education, a teacher should charge students and their parents on the last instrumentations and disability use, such as the case maybe. For example, interactive software and suitable computers are now available on the market, which would be of great help for students with vocal disabilities. This requires a lot of enthusiasm, optimism, patience, tolerance and perseverance to be a special education teacher because work involves a lot of interaction with students from all age groups and with others people.
In the United States, all states require special education teachers to be allowed. The teacher of special education must be complete from the teacher’s training program and must have a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree. When dealing with students with a mild deficiency, their work requires specialization in one or more areas of disability, which would allow teachers to develop their own curriculum materials and teaching techniques to meet the needs of students.